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Ramzi Mohammad

Iranian protesters take to the streets to protest the killing of a young woman. Mahsa Amini, 22, is the young woman who was severely beaten by the police for not wearing her Hijab properly.

There are no clear guidelines or details on what types of clothing are inappropriate for women in Iran, leaving plenty of room for personal interpretation and accusations of “decency” enforcers arbitrarily detaining women. However, many Iranian women have found ways to defy ultraconservative dress codes. Many crossed the line by wearing tight clothing, using headscarves as colorful accessories, and exposing a lot of hair. There are no hard and fast rules for how much hair to reveal.


Activists have been fighting against the mandatory hijab for decades, many of whom are still in prison. Today under Raisi’s government people are struggling with high inflation, severe international sanctions on the economy, rising prices, water crisis, and regional tensions. Public discontent has increased manifold. Iran has seen a number of nationwide riots in recent years that have turned violent, with occasional regional rallies in various parts of the country.

Guided Patrol Police

 Guidance Patrol Police are Iran’s religious police. Their duty is to arrest those who violate the dress code such as the hijab. what is wrong and is demanded by the people.   they oppose their existence because the police should respect citizens’ freedom and dignity,  and enforce the law.  It has been called un-Islamic,  mostly because performing the requisites is haram (forbidden) when it leads to sedition. 

Attack on Amini

 Amini allegedly resisted the police after being humiliated by the police. According to the doctor’s report, Amini had suffered a brain injury. The Ear is bleeding and the downside of the eye had injuries, head fractures, and brain swelling that have left her in a coma. Her death has reignited anger over issues including restrictions on personal freedom, human right in Iran, the strict dress codes for women, and an economy reeling from sanctions.

 The police report of Masha Amini’s death

Initial reports from the police indicated that she had suffered a sudden cardiac arrest and later died in a coma after being admitted to the hospital. But people are not ready to accept it. Eyewitness accounts say she was assaulted by the police after her arrest,  It is not known what happened after her arrest. Many CCTV footages are hidden 

Testimonies and struggles among people 

Masha Amini’s body was buried on Saturday the 16th   then people started to protest.   Protesters clashed with police.  Now their struggle has turned against the Iranian regime they 

 set fires in the streets, and many young women removed and threw off their hijabs. The hijab was burnt, and some women cut off their hair and threw it away. Wearing the hijab is a racial symbol for Muslim people. But it is now the symbol of resistance of people. 

 Iranian women chant “freedom right to live”. The protesters clashed with the police. Posters of the country’s leader were torn down at several places and slogans of death to the dictator were raised. 

.Protests have started in all the cities of the Kurdish region of Iran.

  Protests are going on in foreign countries like Istanbul, Toronto, France, and London. There has been strong opposition to this on social media as well. Nearly 10 million tweets protested. Three people, including a member of the security forces, were killed on the fifth day of unrest, Iranian officials said on Wednesday. At least fifty people were reported killed.

 The police tried to keep the numbers attending the funeral to a minimum, but 1,000 were reported to have been at the graveside. The protests then gathered outside the Saqqez governor’s office, where the violence occurred. Kurdish human rights groups reported that security forces deployed pepper spray against the protesters, leading to more than  1000 injuries.

The dress Hijab and the background to its origin

The word hijab is an adjective that refers to the curtain that hung in the room where the women stayed among those who came to the house of the Prophet Muhammad. Later it became a women’s team. As far as the Qur’an is concerned, it is mentioned that this term was used to refer only to the women of the Prophet..  says it doesn’t apply to all women Aslan Reza (Not god but god C2005) PP65 – 6.

Burqa History- Veil Fashion, Styles & Design Practiced by Muslim Women –  Covered Bliss

)n an unprecedented move, hundreds of religious women began to speak up against compulsory hijab online. Even some conservative figures, including members of parliament, began criticizing the law and the police force, saying that it has harmed public attitudes toward the hijab and religion in general.

 Online and international reaction.


In fact, the wearing of the hijab is a post-1970 practice, before which the hijab was not enforced in most Islamic countries. “Sheikh Mustafa Mohammad Rasheed,” argues that the hijab is not an Islamic obligation. He says that hijab refers to the covering of the head, which is not mentioned in the Holy Qur’an. He says that the hijab has been abandoned from the point of view of Islamic law and Sahih Altafsir’s authentic interpretation. Mohamed Rashed says infect reject reason and rely only on literal text. Change the context of the verses of the Quran. According to some ancient scholars, these are not subject to hijab.

The term hijab was introduced to create a gap between the wives of the Prophet and the companions of the Prophet. Rashid says. Bouthaina Shaaban has held the Same belief 3 Those who follow the prophets and wear hijab are not subject to God’s will”.

He says Islamic Women’s Expert NIKKle kettle Nowhere does the Qur’an refer to women covering their hair. He said. Al-Qur’an 24:31 says, “Tell the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their private parts.” This does not mean that women’s hair or face should be mutilated Tell the girls and women of the believers to lower the hem of their cloaks so that they will not abuse. Mustafa Rashid says that the verse is found. He rejects the hadith reported by Abu Dawood.

 A statement published by Al Azhar University said in June 2011, the hijab is not an Islamic obligation.

 Demands and protests against the hijab began to emerge in the late 70s. 1979 overthrew one of the most visible pillars of Islamic law governing the country.

“Those who do not follow the Islamic dress code will no longer be taken to detention centers and judicial cases will not be registered against them,” city police chief General Hossein Rahimi said at the time.

When Labna Mulla says

Born into conservative but open-minded families in the 1960s (Hala in Egypt and Azra in India), we grew up without the command to cover our hair. But starting in the 1980s, following the 1979 Iranian revolution by minority Shiites and the rise of well-funded Saudi clerics from the majority Sunni sect, we were bullied into trying to hide our hair from men and boys. . Women and girls who are sometimes referred to as “activists” and “women who represent Muslim women” go a step further and refer to women wearing skinny jeans as “hijabis”, making fun of women who are considered inappropriate to wear the hijab. hijabis use a vague term for “harlots.”

 I am in a dilemma and I need you to help me put things into perspective. Hijab Fart or not is an age-old question! I have been wearing a hijab for many years. I have always believed that the ayah (verse) in Surat An-Nissa (Qur’an 4) is a personal choice that women make and can be interpreted in many ways, but I am always afraid not to wear a hijab. An old Egyptian sheik (scholar) scared me in my youth, saying that women would hang their hair in hellfire, and that’s how I decided to wear the hijab. We have raised 3 boys ages 23, 21, and 14.

I am struggling with this! But on the other hand, I’ve been doing it for so long. I know many ladies that have taken off their hijab and the majority have no regrets and are okay with their decision. So a part of me is okay with taking it off and another part is not! Please help!

 US Treasury Department announced sanctions

On September 22, 2022, during the Mahsa Amini protests, the US Treasury Department announced sanctions against seven senior leaders of the Guidance Patrol and various Iranian security agencies. These included Mohammad Rostami Cheshmeh Kachi, head of Iran’s morality police, Haj Ahmad Mirzai, head of Tehran’s morality department, and other Iranian security officials. Sanctions include the blocking of assets or interests in assets within the jurisdiction of the United States. Any party facilitating transactions or services to sanctioned entities is subject to fines 

Videos of the protests continue to come out of cities across Iran despite the largest internet restrictions imposed since the protests in November 2019. The restrictions include the blocking of WhatsApp, Instagram, LinkedIn, and Skype, leading to the complete filtering of social media and messaging platforms in Iran.

Online and international reaction

While many in Iran are concerned about separatist groups, protesters in the streets are displaying levels of anger and frustration not seen in years amid the crackdown by security forces.

Outside Iran, the United Nations, the European Union, and rights groups have called for independent investigations into the protests and the state response. Demonstrators have also taken to the streets in cities across Australia, Iraq, Germany, Greece, New Zealand, Turkey, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the US to express solidarity with Iranian protesters. Women show their protest by taking off their hijabs and setting them on fire. They raised slogans demanding the removal of Ayatollah Ali Khamani.

The government is trying to reduce the protests by shutting down websites and mobile internet. Intergram. Internet services including WhatsApp and LinkedIn have been banned

  The protesters face a fierce response from the security forces. Human rights group Amnesty International says.

The state television is trying to show that the crashed cars have stopped but the situation is different. Don’t be afraid, we are all together the protesters say. Social media footage shows young people tearing down pictures of the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Khomeini Harallah Khamenei. People cheered them and chanted death to the .dictator 

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