The Soviet Union thirty years ago the same month On Christmas Day the list of nations of the world collapsed and disappeared. This event, which took place thirty years ago, is still a memory in the minds of the people today. On Christmas Day, the country’s leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, resigned as Soviet leader and the country collapsed. Is it the conspiracy of the nations of the world to cause such devastation? Or a local conspiracy plan? Or the socio-economic disorder of the country? Various questions of reason are raised.
On Christmas Day, the country’s leader, Mikhail Korbasov, resigned as Soviet leader and the country collapsed. Is it the conspiracy of the nations of the world to cause such devastation? Or a local conspiracy plan? Or the socio-economic disorder of the country? Various questions of reason are raised.
They wanted to transform themselves into countries with a capitalist structure or a democratic structure. An example of this is the so-called “Velvet Revolution” in Czechoslovakia.
The Revolution for Nonviolent Political Change took place from 17th to 29th November 1989. During that revolution, students, anti-communists, and moderates came together to end the dictatorship that had hitherto existed in Czechoslovakia. The economic structure seen so far was broken and the parliamentary system of governance was brought in at that point.
Capitalism was amused during the collapse of the Soviet Union. Marxism supporters were left in shock. The natural question of why this situation occurred to these two parties. A major factor is a fact that the Soviet Union did not offer to judge the desire inherent of the people being in terms of presenting hypotheses that many reasons were given but that many conspiracies were behind it.
Naturally, man seeks to live with freedom and rights. This generally applies not only to humans but also to birds and animals. The fall of the Soviet Union is an example of how it is natural for people to fight against the state when the state is reluctant to meet the needs of those sentiments.
For a government, a political party, a political ideology, a political structure to survive, freedom must first and foremost be extended to all people in that country. On the other hand, there must be corruption-free, equal economic rights and freedoms. Socialist thinkers would say that liberties are denied because giving people freedom within a socialist framework is likely to lead to the re-emergence of capitalism.
But that cannot be a plausible argument. To think so is nothing but a weakness of Marxism. It refers to the rejection of healthy alternative thinking. This is due to the denial of freedom of expression to the people. This happened in the Soviet Union, which led to a popular uprising and revolution.
The ambiguity and unwillingness to understand the clear meaning of the use of the word proletarian dictatorship by Marxism gave the word a misleading meaning. Cal Max did not present the dictatorship of the proletariat as a theory of oppression by the proletariat but as a negative theory of the restoration of capitalism.
But in practice, the term proletarian dictatorship was implemented in Russia. This dictatorship was used to oppress the working class and deprive them of their rights. This was one of the main factors in the collapse of the Soviet Union was the killing of millions of people who fought for the country’s independence and rights, claiming to have betrayed the country by their government. The oppressed became revolutionaries against their state.
Marxism should not have abused the term proletariat in its philosophy. Dictatorship is a threat. It is a complete denial of the freedom and rights of the people. Dictatorship is when one person or group takes over the power of legislative, executive, and justice. So it is unfortunate that the word has entered Marxism. It is a shortcoming that Marx has not properly explained the usage of the word here. This is why the bourgeoisie used the term as the best weapon against Marxist thought and criticized Marxism.
Even though public property ownership instead of private property ownership was the basic theory of the Soviet Union, the ruling class of the Soviet Union enjoyed their wealth and prosperity before the eyes of the people. Corruption and exploitation, on the other hand, were rampant in the country. As already stated ‘where there is no freedom there is no economy’. Where there is no independent politics, there is no good governance. “The Soviet Union for the exemplified this. Different interpretations were given to that practice
Freedom is a democratic value based on the people and it is the fearless condition of the people or the citizens. There is no freedom in that country if a citizen fears the military and police being spotted by the intelligence service. The military and the police are not there to intimidate people and beat them up. The military is for the protection of a nation and not for the protection of the individual. All this took place upside down in the Soviet Union.
Ordinary civilians in the Soviet Union were terrified of the military, and the military engaged in abuse of power. The military had the power to arrest and imprison anyone at will, and to keep them in prison for countless days.
Newspapers were found writing what was said in the Soviet country. Journalists and thinkers then thought that it would take courage to write there and that it would be better to remain silent than to write. there was no freedom of the press was publicized what the government says it was in favor of writing, and what the government wants. The writing of appeasing the rulers was seen as a media trait there.
It was repeatedly alleged that the views of grassroots workers were never heard in the political and party structures of the Soviet Union. They believed that only the grassroots democratic groups could control the actions of the conservative rulers who maintained this tradition. On the other hand, the youth felt that it would be difficult to bring about a new change by keeping those who were complicit in the abuse of power in the past and its henchmen and those who created the bureaucrats for it within the party. They chanted for them to be weeded.
On the other hand, according to the Soviet constitution, the country had a strange electoral system. Criticism was leveled that the electoral system was not democratic. according to there is a one-party system of government in which members of that party are appointed as rulers. In this case, the people must elect the representatives determined by the Communist Party, and they can only elect representatives based on “yes or no” in their representation.
Representatives from the people do not have the opportunity to take their problems to the governing bodies. The collapse of the Soviet system was because the rulers saw the party’s resolution as more important than the problems of the people.
The Soviet Union was the only example of how long the people could endure the dictatorial rule of a proletarian dictatorship that saw no democratic electoral system, no freedom of the press, no freedom of thought, no freedom of assembly, and suppression of political freedom throughout the country.
To maintain the socialist regime gained through a social revolution that was most probably against feudalism against capitalism as the country’s, the system of rule with both democracy centralism was not found in the Soviet union
Lenin was a staunch supporter of the need for independent debate and critique within the Politburo before and after the Soviet revolution during Lenin’s tenure. His basic ideology was that there should be a democratic character within it. But at the same time, his lack of support for freedom of expression and criticism outside the party is a major shortcoming. We must understand that Lenin did not realize that his fear that when there was no freedom outside it would lead to bourgeois ideology would do no good to the party. Public discussion and critique.
The truthfulness of the people can only be revealed if democracy and nobility as the two sides of the same coin are seen among the leaders and within the politburo, within the Communist Party, and at the public level, and any society can be governed better, except for the faults of the regime. What emerged as a remedy for this shortcoming was the silent revolution of “Peristarica” which was a long-term change in the mindset of the people.
A very wide range of exchange critiques was also put forward by the people. People enjoyed press freedom. Freedom of speech and criticism arose. So the exchange of criticisms spread across the country like wildfire. Stalin’s tyrannical regime and subsequent actions of the regime were severely criticized. Many kinds of literature and works began to criticize the power structure of their country’s leaders. People also read the works with great interest and sought to exchange ideas.
The economy of the Soviet Union collapsed in the late 1970s. The benefits of investing heavily in fuel and energy are greatly diminished. Production slowed, stagnation was observed. At the same time, the widespread lack of adequate pay for hard work was seen as a severe test. The deficit budget, which saw low incomes and high spending, took the country in a different direction by exporting natural resources and spending more of its revenue on alcohol.
The fact that people waited in queues and bought goods aroused hatred for the state, and on the other hand, when unemployment was rampant in urban areas, the rulers of power and the bureaus came to know that they lived a and happy life, and a revolution took place in the country of the soviet union and again pushed the country in a different direction.
the fact that people waited in queues and bought goods aroused hatred for the state, and on the other hand, when unemployment was rampant in urban areas, the rulers of power and the bureaus came to know that they lived a and happy life, and a revolution took place in the country of the soviet union and again pushed the country in a different direction. For the above reasons the crown of the Soviet Union was shattered as if for a moment everything was demolished.
Based on the Marxian theory of starting from reality and not from a theoretical base the vast territory of the Soviet Union, which had resurfaced with millions of casualties, violence, and conspiracy theories after World War I, was destined to collapse within a century in the same reality. The factors that created the Soviet Union were, unfortunately, Which also led to its breakdown. What is even more strange is that socialist countries such as China, fearful of the collapse of the Soviet Union, have begun to travel with a new bourgeoisie, mixing capitalism with Marxism. What has been abandoned here is not only Marxism but also the millions of non-existent working class.
because of that it Stalin’s bureaucratic dictatorship continued until the late 1980s, People were on the verge of hatred. The bureaucratic hegemonic nature of the period but did not change much. At the height of the hatred, the Soviet people were tormented with hatred
Historian Eric Hobsbawm – Wikipedia describes this event as the history of the twentieth century the Russian Revolution and its direct and indirect effects. The Russian Revolution saved liberal capitalism and allowed the West to defeat Hitler’s Germany.
The October 1917 event of the 20th century determined our present and led the world into a new world phenomenon. it is useful to ask ourselves which event in 1917 should be remembered today. That great event brought the Bolsheviks (Communists) to power, which divided the world into two factions. The Russian Revolution was not just in Russia. It put an end to centuries of imperialist domination beyond that.
Fearing this event, the bourgeois countries, realizing that their regime would be harmed by the continued exploitation and oppression of the awakened people and the denial of the basic necessities of life to the people, began to call themselves a welfare state and offer privileges and rights to the people. They changed their own economic policy and renamed them the hybrid economic system and Minimum government incorporating some aspects of Marxism into the new state system that is practiced worldwide today.
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